In the 1980’s sex workers in Australia responded quickly to the threat of HIV infection. Condom usage rates rose and thanks to sex workers sharing information, our knowledge of the virus educated clients and the rest of the community. There is no known case in Australia of a sex worker transmitting the virus to a client through sex work.
sex workers) to be involved in the national response; - removal of political and legislative barriers to enable effective preventive education and action Australian HIV infection rates fell sharply in the mid-1980s, and have been sustained at very low levels for nearly 20 years.
People who sell and exchange sex are a priority population for HIV and other STI prevention. In Australia, even though sex workers experience stigma, the health outcomes for sex workers have been considerably improved through decades of advocacy, the decriminalisation of sex work in some states and the availability of public health services.
The prevalence and factors associated with being paid and paying for sex were explored in an online sample of Australian gay men. Sexual risk behavior among male sex workers and their clients was mainly related to being more sexually adventurous in general rather than male-to-male sex …
Private sex workers cannot work while they have an STI, including HIV ( Sex Work Act, section 20 ), so must also adhere to monthly testing (as a defence should transmission of an STI occur). In the Australian Capital Territory, the Sex Work Act 1992 (ACT) does not mandate sex workers undergo mandatory testing.
HIV in Australia An estimated 26,444 people were living with HIV in Australia with 1013 newly diagnosed in 2016. The main mode of HIV transmission continues to be sexual contact between men, which accounted for 70% of diagnosis in 2016; a further 21% of cases were attributed to heterosexual sex, 5% to sexual contact between men and injecting drug use, and 1% to injecting drug use only.
Minister, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,
Modelling studies indicate that decriminalising sex work could lead to a 46% reduction in new HIV infections in sex workers over 10 years; eliminating sexual violence against sex workers could lead to a 20% reduction in new HIV infections.
Laws that prohibit or limit sex workers with HIV must be removed. Australia’s human rights and evidence-based HIV response needs to be reflected in policy or legislation impacting sex workers and the public. Mandatory testing systems must be removed. Testing and treatment should be voluntary and based on informed consent. Sex workers …
Australia has consistently had extremely low rates of HIV infection in female sex workers,  with high condom use,  regular testing and other prevention strategies minimising transmission. HIV positivity among women self-identifying as female sex workers and attending sexual health clinics was 0.03% in 2010-2011 and 0% in 2012-2013. 
immediate STI/HIV risk. Clients of sex workers Australian men are among the least frequent consumers of commercial sexual services in the world. In a large representative national survey in 2001–2002, 2.3% of NSW men reported paying for sex in the last year, similar